Was any of Islam’s Shariah ‘inherited’…?

Was any of Islam’s Shariah ‘inherited’…?

Frequently Asked QuestionsCategory: JurisprudenceWas any of Islam’s Shariah ‘inherited’…?
Anis Staff asked 11 months ago

Was any of Islam’s Shariah ‘inherited’ from before the Prophet Muhammad’s mission?

1 Answers
Anis Staff answered 8 months ago
This is answered in the following passage from The Calf, vol 1, pages 53/4 which talk about the Prophet’s ancestors and some specific acts initiated by his grandfather that were endorsed by the Prophet and included in Islamic shariah (Arabic version, also given below)

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Islam is the revival for the shariah (way of life) of Ibrahim pbuh
Allah said: (Say, my Lord guideed me to a straight path, firm religion, the upright way of Ibrahim, and he was not a polytheist. Say, my salat, my sacrifice, my life, my death are for Allah, Lord of the realms. He has no partner and I have been commanded to be the first of the believers)

Before the Prophet Muhammad (p) was sent, there were three heavenly religions in the Arabian peninsula: the Hanafiyyah, Judaism and Christianity. All of them had deviated from the straight path, hence, their followers had deviated from the path, except a few of those who held fast to the truth that did not separate from them at all. Most of the people of Makkah had deviated from the Hanafiyyah religion when they had brought stone sculptures and claimed those sculptures were images of the angels, and they had belittled people and convinced them to sanctify and draw near to the sculptures, and had made them believe that they harm and benefit in Allah’s stead. In fact, they had made them gods alongside Allah (swt) from all this.

And just as the beliefs in the Hanafiyyah shariah (way of life) had deviated, so had the shariah rulings, since they were easier and simpler to deviate

The Messenger of Allah (p) said to Aktham b. Al Jawn: [I saw Umar dragging a cane of fire and he was the first one to change the religion of Abraham and the first to lay the practises of the “hami” , “sawaib” , “baheerah” , “waseel”, he erected idols and he changed the religion of Islam, and I saw none resembling him more than you. He said, “Oh Messenger of Allah, will that harm me in any way?” He said, “No, because you are a believer and he was a disbeliever.”]

Translator’s note: the above words in speech marks are camels and goats that are either dedicated to the false gods so that none, or just a guest, can benefit from their milk, but other than this, none will sacrifice them or use their wool. The reported criteria vary between not having any male offspring to giving birth to twins.

It has been narrated that the Messenger of Allah (p) said: I saw Umar b. Amir Al Khuzai dragging a stick from fire and he was the first to establish the practise of the “Sayyib” (same as Saibah above).

So all the Hanafiyyahs in Makkah did not deviate. But, a small group of them remained steadfast to the truth, of them was Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Prophet (p), Abdullah the father of the Prophet (p) and Abu Talib, the uncle of the Prophet (p). The Prophet’s will to Ali (p) mentions: Oh Ali, Abdul Muttalib established five traditions that Allah (most high) continued into Islam: he forbade the taking of one’s father’s wives, so Allah revealed (And do not marry those women whom your fathers married). Oh Ali, Abdul Muttalib did not cast lots, nor did he worship idols, nor did he eat what was sacrificed for the idols, and he would say “I am on the religion of Ibrahim (p)”.

And the history books mention that, Abdul Muttalib recognised the location of zamzam through divine inspiration (in a dream), after it had been obliterated

So he dug in the place in which he had seen it. As for Abu Talib, he was the leader of the Hanafiyyahs and the executor of the executors of Ibrahim (p), in fact he was the last of them, and he was the proof on the prophet before he was sent, then he followed the Messenger of Allah (p) after he was sent. So he was the leader of the Muslims in Makkah and people narrate much in his praise and they narrate much poetry about his being Muslim, and they narrate many instances of him helping Islam, and alongside all this, they say Abu Talib passed away as a disbeliever, for no other reason thatn that his son is Ali (p), the one whose mere mention makes some shake and they did not find any blemish with which to fault him, either in physical build, character, or in his religion. If there was nothing ascribed to Abu Talib other than the following poem, it would be enough to affirm his Islam, so what to make of all the help he extended to the Islamic religion, it is clearer than the sun at the height of day, even though he hid his Islamic beliefs for a period of time, like the believer in the house of Pharaoh:

Did you not know that we found Muhammad
A prophet like moses, written in the first books

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الجواب لهذا السؤال يوجد في كتاب العجل حيث ذكر الكتاب بعض أعمال جده عبد المطلب التي أجراها وأمضاها النبي وشملها في الشريعة الإسلامية وصارت جزء منها:

الإسلام أحياء لشريعة إبراهيم (ع)

قال تعالى: ﴿قُلْ إِنَّنِي هَدَانِي رَبِّي إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ دِيناً قِيَماً مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفاً وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ قُلْ إِنَّ صَلاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ﴾([

قبل بعث النبي محمد (ص) كانت في الجزيرة العربية ثلاث ديانات سماوية هي: الحنفية واليهودية و النصرانية. وكانت جميعها محرّفة عن الصراط المستقيم، وبالتالي فإنّ أتباعها منحرفون عن الصراط، إلاّ القليل من المرابطين على الحق الذين لا تخلو منهم فترة من الفترات، وكان معظم أهل مكة يدينون بالحنفية التي حرّفها بعض أئمة الضلال لما جاءوا بتماثيل حجرية وادعوا إنّ هذه التماثيل هي صور للملائكة، واستخفوا الناس وجعلوهم يقدّسونها ويتقرّبون لها بأنواع القربات، وجعلوا الناس يعتقدون أنّ الله يريد منهم أن يتقربوا له بواسطة هذه التماثيل، وجعلوهم يعتقدون إنّها تضر وتنفع من دون الله، بل جعلوها آلهة مع الله سبحانه وتعالى علواً كبيراً.

وكما حرفت العقائد في الشريعة الحنفية حرفت الأحكام الشرعية حيث إن تحريفها أسهل وأيسر

روي أنّ رسول الله (ص) قال للأكثم بن الجون: (إني رأيت عمراً يجر قصبة في النار، وكان أول من غيّر دين إبراهيم، وأول من حمى الحمى، وسيب السوائب، وبحر البحيرة، ووصل الوصيلة، ونصب الأصنام، وغيّر دين إسماعيل فلم أرَ أحد أشبه به منك، قال: يا رسول الله هل يضرني ذلك شيئاً؟ قال: لا، لأنّك مؤمن وهو كافر)

وروي أنّ رسول الله (ص) قال: (رأيت عمر بن عامر الخزاعي يجر قصبة من النار وكان أول من سيب السيب).

ولم ينحرف جميع الأحناف في مكة، بل بقي منهم شرذمة قليلون مرابطون على الحق، منهم عبد المطلب جدّ النبي (ص)، وعبد الله والد النبي (ص)، وأبو طالب عم النبي (ص)، جاء في وصية النبي (ص) لعلي (ع): (يا علي، إنّ عبد المطلب سن في الجاهلية خمس سنن أجراها الله عز وجل له في الإسلام: حرم نساء الآباء، فأنزل الله عزّ وجل: ﴿وَلا تَنْكِحُوا مَا نَكَحَ آبَاؤُكُمْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ

يا علي، أن عبد المطلب كان لا يستقسم بالأزلام، ولا يعبد الأصنام، ولا يأكل ما ذبح على النصب، ويقول أنا على دين أبي إبراهيم (ع) …).

وفي كتب التاريخ إنّ السيد عبد المطلب عرف مكان زمزم بعد أن اندرس بالوحي الإلهي، بـ (الرؤيا)، فحفر في المكان الذي رآه فكان هو مكان زمزم

أمّا أبو طالب فهو سيد الأحناف ووصي من أوصياء إبراهيم (ع)، بل خاتمهم وهو الحجة على النبي قبل أن يبعث، ثم كان تابعاً لرسول الله (ص) بعد البعثة، فهو سيد المسلمين في مكة، والقوم يروون الكثير في فضله، ويروون شعراً كثيراً له دلالة على إسلامه، ويروون مواقف كثيرة له في نصرة الإسلام، ومع هذا يقولون مات أبو طالب كافراً لا لشيء ولكن بغضاً لولده علي (ع)، الذي أطبق ذكره الخافقين ولم يجدوا مثلبة ليعيبوه بها من خَلق أو خُلق أو دين، ولو لم يكن لأبي طالب إلاّ قوله:

ألم تعلموا أنا وجدنا محمداً نبياً كموسى خط في أول الكتب

لكفى به دليلاً على إسلامه فكيف ومواقفه في نصرة الدين الإسلامي أبين من شمس في رابعة النهار وإن أخفى إسلامه مدّة من الزمن كمؤمن آل فرعون

العجل،ج1، ص 53/4

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